ABOUT AGRA

    ABOUT AGRA  
     
Agra is famous as being home to one of the Seven Wonders of the world - The Taj Mahal. The architectural splendour of the Moslems, the fort and the palaces is a vivid reminder of the opulence of the legendary Mughal empire, of which Agra was the capital in the 16th and early 17th centuries. While it's significance as a political center ended with the transfer of the capital to Delhi in 1634 by Shah Jaha, it's architectural wealth has secured it's place on the international map. A pleasant town with a comparatively slow pace, Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soapstone by craftsmen who are descendants of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for it's carpets, gold thread embroidery and leather shoes. Agra was founded by Raja Badal Singh around 1475 A.D. However the mention of Agraban in the Mahabharata suggests that it has been the sister Of Matura, an ancient city in the vicinity, from a very early period. Sikandar Lodi made this place his capital when the Lodis ruled North India. But according to an ancient legend, the name of Agra is derived from Agra vans of the twelve groves of Brijmandala, where teenager Lord Krishna is said to have sported with his companions. Situated on the banks of Yamuna, this town was chosen by the emperor Babar as a base for the Mughals. Akbar, the third Mughal emperor of India and founder of the city of Āgra, is buried in this mausoleum at Sikandra. The Islamic design of the building is complemented by Hindu, Buddhist, and Christian motifs. An observant Muslim, Akbar adopted a policy of religious tolerance and brought priests and holy men of all faiths to his court.
 
         
    THE TAJ MAHAL  
     
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal (also "the Taj") is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Ottoman, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was cited as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." While the white domed marble mausoleum is its most familiar component, the Taj Mahal is actually an integrated complex of structures. Building began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, and employed thousands of artisans and craftsmen.
Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer of the Taj Mahal.
  Taj Mahal
 
         
    RED FORT OF AGRA  
     
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city. It is the most important fort in India. The great Mughals Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb lived here, and the country was governed from here. It contained the largest state treasury and mint. It was visited by foreign ambassadors, travellers and the highest dignitaries who participated in the making of history in India.
  Red Fort of Agra
 
         
    AKBAR'S TOMB (SIKANDRA)  
     
Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, is on Delhi-Agra Highway, is only 13 kilometres from the Agra Fort. Akbar's tomb reflects the completeness of his personality. The vast, beautifully carved, red-ochre sandstone tomb with deers, rabbits and Langoor is set amidst a lush garden. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it. To construct a tomb in one's lifetime was a Tartary custom which the Mughals followed religiously. Akbar's son Jahangir completed the construction of this pyramidal tomb in 1613.
  Akbar's Tomb (Sikandra)
 
    IT-MA-UD-Daulah   
     
Empress Nur Jehan built Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, sometimes called the Baby Taj, for her father, Ghias-ud-Din Beg,Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways,it is sometimes described as a jewel box.
  IT-MA-UD-DAULAH
 
    FATHEHPUR SIKRI  
     
Fathepur Sikri is a city and a municipal board in Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh India">India. The historical city was constructed by Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire's capital from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned for reasons that remain unclear. The "Gate of Victory" was built to honour the Mogul emperor Akbar. It is still a grand entrance that leads to the now deserted town of Fatepur Sikri
  Fathehpur Sikri
 
     More Places to Visit In Agra  
     

Mankameshwar Temple: MankaMeswar Temple is one of the four ancient temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.Tthe temple is surrounded by Mughal-era markets, some of which date back to the early days of Mughal rule in India.

 
     
Guru ka Tal:Guru ka Tal was originally a reservoir meant to collect and conserve rainwater built in Agra, near Sikandra. Guru ka Tal is a holy place of worship for the Sikh. Boasting elaborate stone carvings and 8 towers of the 12 original towers, this gurudwara beckons travelers from far and away to bask in its glory.
 
     
Jama Masjid:The Jama Masjid is a large mosque attributed to Shah Jahan's daughter, Princess Jahanara Begum, built in 1648, notable for its unusual dome and absence of minarets.
 
     
Chini Ka Rauza: Notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, the Chini Ka Rauza is dedicated to the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan, Allama Afzel Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz.
 
     
Ram Bagh:The oldest Mughal garden in India, the Ram Bagh was built by the Emperor Babur in 1528 on Yamuna's bank.